(FlavrSavrTomatoes were the first genetically modified foods to come on the market, but are no longer cultivated today.)
Three GE crops account for the vast majority of acres planted to GMOs around the world – corn, soybeans, and cotton. Five countries produce 90% of the world’s genetically engineered crops: Argentina, Brazil, Canada, India and the United States.
While the animals themselves are not genetically engineered, the majority of the livestock Americans consume have been raised on genetically engineered grains. This is because the two most prevalent genetically engineered crops are corn and soy which are used in many processed foods and most animal feeds.
A genetically engineered salmon is pending FDA approval. The GE Atlantic salmon being considered was developed by artificially combining growth hormone genes from an eelpout. This modification causes production of growth-hormone year-round, creating a fish that grows at twice the normal rate. If approved, it will be the first genetically engineered animal on supermarket shelves in the U.S.